Health & Fitness blog Uncategorized Diet of men and women – what should be different?

Diet of men and women – what should be different?

The demand for energy and nutrients depends on gender, age, physical activity, physiological state (e.g. pregnancy), the climate in which we live, as well as genetic conditions and living conditions and lifestyle. What nutritional choices should women and men make?
A lightly working 30-year-old man of normal body weight needs about 2600 kcal per day, while a woman of the same age and with similar activity should receive about 2000 kcal per day. If the energy supplied with the food exceeds the energy expenditure, overweight or obesity may occur.   Pear and apple silhouette Women tend to get fatter in their thighs and buttocks more often by taking the so-called pear silhouette. In men, however, fat tissue accumulates within the abdominal cavity, giving a so-called apple silhouette. These differences are dependent on the action of hormones, genetic factors, and gender. It happens, however, that both types of obesity occur in the opposite configuration (female – “apple”, male – “pear”).   For both genders, abdominal obesity, otherwise known as visceral obesity, is more dangerous to health. Fatty organs in the abdominal cavity (e.g. liver or pancreas) interferes with their functioning, which favours the occurrence of many metabolic disorders with increased cholesterol and type 2 diabetes. In order to get rid of excess abdominal fat, it is necessary to reduce the calorific value of the diet by about 500-1000 kcal per day in relation to demand. The reduction in the thigh and buttocks area requires a lot of effort, because the fat accumulated there is quite resistant to caloric restrictions. Patience and regular, appropriately selected physical activity are necessary. It is worth taking this effort, because high “pear” obesity burdens the skeletal-articular system and contributes to the formation of degenerative changes.   In contrast to women, a man with a large, protruding tummy often downplays the problem and rarely feels the need to lose weight. It is only after a control study that the need for a diet is demonstrated. Obese men are at risk of cardiac problems (ischemic heart disease), hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The problems may intensify in men in their fifties when the andropause begins. During this time, the activity of male hormones such as testosterone decreases and increases female (estrogen) and fat appears on the thighs, abdomen and buttocks. In such a case, a low-fat diet is most effective, which at the same time protects against heart disease. Men are more likely than women to reach for alcoholic beverages and snacks. It is not infrequent that they can drink much more beer than their partners. The calorific value of one glass (250 ml) of beer is about 120 kcal and 100 g of chips is 500 kcal. Men like to eat salty and fatty foods. They often do not eat breakfast, but mainly meals that are part of their professional duties (business lunches, dinners). They eat far too few vegetables and fruit. They are not interested in healthy eating and do not really know what a balanced diet means. Gentlemen should learn to make the right dietary choices: lean meat stewed, cooked, without coating, fish and cold cuts, e.g. poultry, lots of salads, salads, salads. A bit of dry red wine, drunk occasionally, will not hurt. But first of all you should drink large amounts of still water.   A proper diet for women As far as women are concerned, a proper diet can also be a great help in overcoming different stages of life. Regardless of age, a healthy diet can make a woman look more beautiful, feel better, or enjoy life more. When unnecessary kilograms appear and your favourite skirt doesn’t tighten, women don’t let go of their belt, like their partners, but most often they decide on harmful hunger strike. Dangerous are also increasingly often diagnosed eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia) that occur in the vast majority of women, and unfortunately, younger and younger. When blood sugar levels fall dramatically, women reach for something sweet. Mostly, this “little something” is actually a caloric bomb. For example, a jam doughnut (80 g) is about 340 kcal, a piece of pineapple cake (150 g) is 450 kcal, and a portion of cheesecake (120 g) is 300 kcal. Meanwhile, a balanced diet rich in cereal products, vegetables and fruits, poultry or fish eliminates hunger attacks, a desire for sweets, digestion and nutrient absorption disorders, as well as mood swings and fatigue. Women are more exposed to the development of osteoporosis than men, so it is important that they provide the body with plenty of calcium. Milk and dairy products such as yoghurt, kefir, buttermilk and rennet cheese are good sources of calcium, except butter. Alcoholic beverages should also be limited, as they promote calcium loss. Women should also consume enough iron as they lose much of this important mineral during their menstruation. Iron supply can be increased by eating lean, red meat, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, cereal grains, plums, apricots and peaches.   Do not allow obesity to occur Diet zar

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